However, there is nothing reassuring in this report for persons living or doing business outside the U.S. The report notes that "[t]he FBI and Department of Justice. . .have stated. . .that Carnivore is necessary to combat terrorism, espionage, information warfare, child pornography, serious fraud and other felonies" and that Carnivore is "capable of broad sweeps, potentially enabl[ing] the FBI to monitor all of [an ISP's] communications."
These are not theoretical concerns. On September 22, 2000, Reuters reported that Privacy International and the Electronic Privacy Information Center had issued a joint "Privacy and Human Rights 2000" report claiming that the FBI had been working for five years or more with "justice and interior ministers of the European Union toward creating international technical standards for wire-tapping", which had included establishing "wiretap-friendly international communications standards", limiting the "development and sale of hardware and software featuring strong encryption", advising Russia "on implementation of [ISP] network surveillance systems", pressuring other "countries such as Hungary,. . .the Czech Republic [and Japan] to expand wiretapping", and "promoting surveillance through the G-7 group". If these charges are true, it is not unreasonable to conclude that the FBI either has shared or will share "Carnivore" with law enforcement agencies outside the U.S.
Thus, in spite of the FBI's quick public release of a third party report declaring that "Carnivore" does not present a threat to the privacy of U.S. citizens, "Carnivore" remains a threat to the privacy of non-U.S. citizens and companies abroad.